Мотив «утаенной любви» - одно из спорных явлений в истории пушкинистики. В данной статье предлагается анализ его эстетической природы. За основу берется категория романтической тайны и ее освоение в ранний период творчества Пушкина. Мотив имени исследуется в соотнесении с онтологической триадой «имя - личность - бытие» на примере стихотворений «К живописцу» (1815) и «Осеннее утро» (1816).
Both texts stand out among the love lyrics of Pushkin 1815-1816, for which unrequited love is an important part. In the unmentioned poems such situation is not included. In the message «To painter» a lyrical portrait of idealized heroine is recreated, at the end of the poem there is a promise to write her name. The lyrical elegy «Аutumn morning» is based on the experience of parting with the beloved. The love lyrics is performative by its nature. The lyrical event represents such a type of emotional experience when «I» releases an attitude to «another I». In this way «another I» is given in the situation of «my» attitude to it. In the early lyrics of Pushkin the signal of heart mystery disclosure or of overfilling emotions is a dear name. In the poem «To painter» the lyrical character aims to recreate the character of the beloved through the reference to the ancient names, under which the mythological association is hidden. The beloved becomes similar to Hebe, the Goddess of eternal youth, and Venus, the Goddess of love and beauty. The name of the Goddess is not mentioned, it can potentially exist only outside the lyrical event. In the elegy «Autumn morning» there is a fact of name verbalization, it is mentioned but remains unknown to the receiver (reader). The hero calls the beloved and the sound of his voice broadens the boarders of the beloved absence. The model of time and space name being appears in the poem, when the world is measured with its ontological possibilities. The conflict situation is formed within the insuperable distance between the name and its owner. In the poems «To painter» and «Autumn morning» the lyrical intrigue is in that the name is not mentioned. Pretention in the lyceum period of Pushkin’s works becomes the source of romantic aesthetics formation. On the first phase of the motive development it is explained by the shyness of the hero. At the same time Pushkin comprehends the situation of